Tag Archives: Annotation

Book submission: The Founders Of Geology

Title: The Founders Of Geology
Author: Geikie, Archibald
Publication date: Macmillan And Co, London, 1897
Library: Northumbria University Library
Call number: 07500 838647
Submitted by: Nicholas Whitbread
Description:
The condition of this book was in a slightly poor condition, this could be the result of the book’s age. The unique features of this book include folds at the top of the page from previous readers of the book marking pages, what make this interesting is that they are evidently old marks as lines from the fold have stained the other pages. Although this book has been placed in many libraries, a pare of initials at the top of the 2nd page (CK) implies it was once privately owned. In addition, there are a number of pages throughout the book which have been annotated by a pencil in the margin, these marks include simple lines and arrows pointing to the the bottom of the page. There is also a series of numbers next to the details of the books author and publication, this is a result of someone attempting to reference the books details by numbering the order in which to reference the books information.

Book submission: The Trojan Woman

Title: The Trojan Woman
Author: Euripides
Publication date: New York, 1915
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: PA3975.T8.M8
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
This book is another member of the Lehman Engel collection at Millsaps College. The Jackson-born playwright annotated this copy of a Euripides play.

Book submission: The Medea

Title: The Medea
Author: Euridipes
Publication date: New York, 1912
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: PA3975.M4.M8
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
This book was a part of Lehman Engel Collection at Millsaps College, a library donated to the school by the Jackson-born playwright Lehman Engel. This copy contains lots of annotation about the play from Engel himself.

Book submission: Journal of the Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle

Title: Journal of the Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle
Author: Darwin, Charles
Publication date: New York, 1880
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: QH11.D2
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
This book contains lots of annotation in the margins of the text.

Book submission: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus to Himself

Title: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus to Himself
Author: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
Publication date: London, 1907
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: B580.R4
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
There is gift inscription at the beginning of the book, dated 1927. Aside from some notation within the text, the only other noteworthy handwriting in the book is an odd line written on the very back page of the book.

Book submission: The Earliest Life of Christ Being the Diatessaron of Tatian

Title: The Earliest Life of Christ Being the Diatessaron of Tatian
Author: Tatianus
Publication date: Edinburgh, 1894
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: BS2550.T2A3
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
Features an ownership tag and some annotation within the text

Book submission: The Poetical Works of John Milton

Title: The Poetical Works of John Milton
Author: John Milton
Publication date: New York, [1885?]
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: PR3550.L68x
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
This book contains an inscription at the beginning which details the ownership. It is noteworthy that, although there is no publication date printed within the book, someone wrote the year ‘1886’ in the front of the book. A flower is also pressed within the pages of the book.

Book submission: Later Essays 1917-1920

Title: Later Essays 1917-1920
Author: Dobson, Austin
Publication date: 1921
Library: Arizona State University Hayden Library
Call number: PR441.D57
Submitted by: Dana Tait
Description:
Possible own inscription: “Augustine Birrell, March 10th, 1921/ Dies dolorosa – 1915.” Also includes a listing of other works by Dobson on reverse of page. If it is the same Augustine Birrell, he was Chief Secretary for Ireland (1907-1916). The “Dies dolorosa – 1915” inscription could refer to the struggles he faced that year with World War I, the Irish uprisings and his wife Eleanor’s death.

Book submission: Lucian – Selected Writings

Title: Lucian – Selected Writings
Author: Allinson, Francis Greenleaf
Publication date: Boston, 1905
Library: Millsaps College Library
Call number: PA4230.A3
Submitted by: Students of Millsaps course – What is the Future of the Book?
Description:
This book, we believe, was used as a text for a class on our campus in the early 1900s. It features many latin translations, as well as a great deal of annotation, ostensibly made by the student who used this copy. Other traces of note include a bizarre, white-supremacist quote on the back page, as well as some sketches and doodles drawn on large spaces on some pages.

Book submission: D. Iunii Iuvenalis Satirae

Title: D. Iunii Iuvenalis Satirae
Author: John Delaware Lewis
Publication date: 1882, New York
Library: Van Wylen Library, Hope College
Call number: PA 6446 .A2 1882 v.1
Submitted by: Kellyanne Fitzgerald and Kaitlyn Rustemeyer
Description:
Latin and English book with marginalia from a Hope College student between 1890-1906. Contains an ad from the Holland Sentinel with identifying information that narrowed the year to 1890-1906, as well as a deposit slip from the First State Bank.

Book submission: Life of Hallock

Title: Life of Hallock
Author: Yale, Cyrus
Publication date: New York, 1854
Library: Alderman Library at the University of Virginia
Call number: BX7260.H15
Submitted by: Kristin Jensen
Description:
Transcription of annonation: “I think of you every day and you cannot tell how much I feel your absence — one of the calamities of this [illegible] world is that we do not sufficiently value our mercies [?] till they are taken from us–”

Book submission: Walachische Mahrchen

Title: Walachische Mahrchen
Author: Schott, Arthur and Albert
Publication date: Stuttgart und Tubingen
Library: Columbia University (Butler Library)
Call number: 398.3 Sch6
Submitted by: Tara Key
Description:
This volume is enriched in two ways. It was donated to Columbia by Nathaniel L. Britton, co-founder of the Bronx Botanical Gardens. It is signed by an earlier owner on the title page, but, more important, bound in the back are about ten pages of notes that purport to be corrections to the text.

Arthur Schott, described as a geologist, poet, artist and musician, came to American shortly after this book was published and participated in the 1851 survey of the Texas/Mexico border (see Report on the United States and Mexico Boundary Survey Washington : C. Wendell, printer,, 1857), doing the stunning drawings contained within. They were somewhat controversial (in view of being in an official publication) for being slightly emotional in style. One plate is attached below.

Upon his death in 1875 the National Republican (Washington, D.C.) said: ” His knowledge was vast and profound, his accomplishments, particularly as a musician and draughtsman, accurate and agreeable…He was attractive and attaching as a companion, and his character generally was in every respect praiseworthy.”

Book submission: My Diaries: Being a Personal Narrative of Events 1888-1914, Part Two

Title: My Diaries: Being a Personal Narrative of Events 1888-1914, Part Two
Author: Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen
Publication date: 1920
Library: Betty Boothroyd Library, The Open University, Milton Keynes
Call number: 941.0810924 BLU
Submitted by: Edmund G. C. King
Description:
Acquired by The Open University Library in 1977 (probably by donation), this copy of Wilfrid Scawen Blunt’s “My Diaries: Part Two” contains nearly 4000 words of verbal marginalia. A flyleaf inscription indicates that the book was bought in March 1920 (soon after publication) and most, if not all, of the annotation seem to date from around that time.

The annotator was the former Independent Labour Party politician John Arthur Fallows (1864-1935). He shows a special interest in what Blunt had to say about the origins of the First World War and the pre-war conduct of the Entente nations. Fallows emerges from the marginalia as a passionate anti-imperialist, whose Marxist politics evidently led him to take an anti-war (if not pacifist) position during the conflict itself.

This particular copy of Blunt is notable for the contemporary gossip that Fallows inscribes in the margins as well as his scathing and abusive commentary on Britain’s pre-war political establishment along with the aristocracy and the royal family. Edward VII and Winston Churchill are frequent targets of invective, gossip, and innuendo.

For further details and analysis, see: Edmund G. C. King, “Radicalism in the Margins: The Politics of Reading Wilfrid Scawen Blunt in 1920,” Journal of British Studies 55, no. 3 (July 2016): 501-18 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jbr.2016.53).

Book submission: The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare (10 volumes)

Title: The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare (10 volumes)
Author: Shakespeare, William
Publication date: London, 1879
Library: University of Virginia, Alderman Library
Call number: PR2753 .S6 1879 v.1-10
Submitted by: Maggie Whalen
Description:
In the weeks following our post on the UVA Library Collection’s many literary treasures tied to Albemarle County’s historic Rives family, UVA community members brought to our attention a few other Rives-owned and -annotated volumes worth investigating.

Our next subject: The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare, a ten-volume set published in London in 1879.

UVA-administered bookplates reveal that the set came to the UVA Library Collection through the books of one Roberta Welford (1873-1956), a women’s rights advocate and suffragist whose papers are preserved in UVA’s Special Collections Library. Personal bookplates indicate that the set was previously owned by Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy (1863-1945), the niece of aforementioned Amélie Louise and Ella, the daughter of Alfred.

In our first post, we discussed at length another tome of Shakespeare owned and annotated by the second, and most famous, Amélie. That text, a hefty volume entitled The Plays of William Shakespeare, was published in London in 1823. It contains two inscriptions by Amélie, one from 1885 and another from 1890, as well as a number of marginal annotations. Two Gentlemen of Verona, Much Ado About Nothing, Taming of the Shrew, and All’s Well That Ends Well are among the plays most thoroughly marked in this previously discussed text.

Considering the substantial overlap in content between these two collections, it’s somewhat surprising that Amélie owned, let alone read and marked, both.

And yet, Amélie’s The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare is similarly rich with annotations. Of the ten volumes to the set, I was able to examine nine (volume 6 was missing) and found some degree of user modification in each.

Oddly enough, volumes 7 through 10 are the only texts that feature user inscriptions. All read: “Amélie Rives / 1881 / Castle Hill,” indicating that Amélie acquired this set four years prior to her bulkier edition of Plays.

A number of other dates crop up throughout Dramatic Works, particularly on plays’ title pages, revealing that Amélie returned to this text many times throughout her life. She records, for example, that she read Taming of the Shrew “for the first time in this edition the evening of” December 29, 1896; Love’s Labour’s Lost for the “2nd time” on the same night; and “reread” The Tempest on January 23, 1932.

These annotations recall a note Amélie makes in her copy of Plays, in which she records that she read The Tempest, perhaps for the first time, in 1900 at her family’s estate, Castle Hill.

The pages of Amélie’s Dramatic Works are thoroughly underscored and bracketed. Her marginal annotations frequently mention her daily life in Virginia and occasionally reference her own writings.

Annotations in The Tempest. In the first image, she marginally defines “kybe” as a “chilblain.” In the second, she underscores “homely” and writes: “NB Homely used here as we Virginians use it now!!”

Annotations in Love’s Labour’s Lost. In the first image, Amélie emphatically brackets and underscores a footnote about a famous bay horse named Morocco and writes: “NB Splendid subject for a poem or story!!” Second: she underscores “canary” (a popular dance in Shakespeare’s time) and writes in the margins: “NB Can this be the origin of the Negro ‘pull Cary’?” Third: a marginal note: “NB 25th Aug 1895.” Fourth: some dense underscoring.

Annotations in Troilus and Cressida. Amélie underscores “placket” and writes: “Modern American i.e. ‘Skirt.’”

Annotations in King Lear. She responds to Shakespeare’s use of “nuncle” (defined in the footnotes as “a familiar contraction of mine uncle”), and writes in the margins: “And in Virginia we always address old Negros as ‘Uncle’ + ‘Aunt’ — 1892.”

Annotations in the Preliminary Remarks to Macbeth. Amélie underlines and brackets this passage heavily. She writes extensive, barely legible, notes in the margins. At the bottom of the page, she underscores the name of the author and writes of his book of lectures: “Get at once if possible! ’92.”

On the final endpapers of several volumes, Amélie collects her favorite lines, passages, phrases, and ideas.

On the rear endleaf of volume 1, Amélie records the following line from The Tempest: “The red plague rid you for learning me your language. Page 214.”

In the final pages of volume 5, Amélie records a series of “Notes” and corresponding “Page” numbers from The First Part of King Henry IV and King Henry V. One note reads: “The lady Ermengare. (Ermengare is a beautiful name.)” On the next page, Amélie transcribes an exchange between Prince Harry and Pions from The Second Part of King Henry IV. The page, however, is torn.

And for that reason, perhaps, she transcribes the passage again on the book’s front endpaper.

On a rear endpaper in volume 7, she copies the following line from Troilus and Cressida: “‘This I presume will wake him’–Page 198.”

In volume 9, she notes perceived “Repetitions of Shakespeare:” “In Hamlet, ‘Himself the primrose way of dalliance treads.’ In Macbeth, ‘that go the primrose way to the everlasting fire.’”

Finally, in volume 10, she writes: “Othello ‘Goats + Monkeys!’ see page 119.” On the corresponding page, Amélie has written “NB” beside the line: “You are welcome, sir, to Cyprus.–Goats, and monkeys!” At the bottom of the page, she brackets a footnote that explains the “great art” of the line.

Perhaps most intriguing among Amélie’s many annotations are those that speficially reference her writing process. In Plays, Amélie marks a line from All’s Well That Ends Well (“So there’s my riddle, One, that’s dead, is quick”), which corresponds to the title of her most famous novel (The Quick or the Dead?). In Dramatic Works, she reads the story of a legendary horse and notes that it would be a “splendid subject for a poem or story!!” Bearing these instances in mind, the endleaf lists explored above read almost like condensed catalogs of potential literary inspiration.

From Judith Page Rives’s The Living Female Writers of the South, to her daughter’s Oeuvres de Boileau, to her granddaughter’s various collections of Shakespeare’s plays, evidence of the Rives women reading with pencils in hand spans three generations and at least 80 years. Though the Rives women are remembered first and foremost as prolific writers, their active engagement with these texts reveals that they were also ambitious readers. As is demonstrated by this post and the last, the UVA Library Collection is dense with examples of the Rives family’s involvement with literature, both public and personal in nature.

Sources
Boileau Despréaux, Nicolas, and Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve. Oeuvres : Avec Notes Et Imitations Des Auteurs Anciens. Paris: Furne, 1853.
Brown, Alexander, et al. Papers of the Rives, Sears and Rhinelander Families.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 18 Mar. 2016.
Hall, Fitzedward, et al. Letters of the Rives Family. .
“Nicolas Boileau”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Papers of Roberta Wellford, Accession #6090, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.
Rives Family Papers Compiled by Elizabeth Langhorne, 1839-1990, #10596-d, Albert H. and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.
Rives, James Childs. Reliques of the Rives (Ryves). Lynchburg, Va.: J. P. Bell Co., 1929.
Shakespeare, William, and Samuel Weller Singer. The Dramatic Works. 3rd ed. rev. London: G. Bell, 1879.
Shakespeare, William, et al. The Plays of William Shakespeare. New ed. London: Printed for F. C. and J. Rivington; [etc., etc.], 1823.

For more on Book Traces @ U.Va., visit our blog at https://booktraces.library.virginia.edu .

Book submission: Oeuvres de Boileau

Title: Oeuvres de Boileau
Author: C. A. Sainte-Beuve
Publication date: Paris, 1853
Library: University of Virginia, Alderman Library
Call number: PQ1719.A2 1868a (?)
Submitted by: Maggie Whalen
Description:
In the weeks following our post on the UVA Library Collection’s many literary treasures tied to Albemarle County’s historic Rives family, UVA community members brought to our attention a few other Rives-owned and -annotated volumes worth investigating.

First: an 1853 copy of C. A. Sainte-Beuve’s Oeuvres de Boileau.

A bookplate in Oeuvres de Boileau indicates that this text came to the UVA Library Collection through the books of William Cabell Rives.

The book is of interest to the Book Traces @ UVA project first for its gift inscription. The note, which appears in pencil on the book’s title page, reads: “À Mademoiselle Rives / E M / Adieu!” Below the gift-giver’s initials is a sketch of a crown.

Of further note are the annotations, bracketing, and underscoring of the book’s contents. As its title suggests, Oeuvres de Boileau, or Works of Boileau, contains a number of works by the 17th-century French poet and literary critic Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux. The volume’s contents are organized by genre, among them: satire, epistle, ode, epigram, and poetry.

Though marginalia crops up throughout the thick volume, its most heavily annotated sections are those for which Boileau is best known: his still-studied treatise on the rules of Classical verse L’Art poétique (1674) and his mock-heroic epics Le Lutrin (1666). Nearly every page of these two sections contains marks made by a previous reader: brackets, dots, notes in French, and translations in English.

To which Mademoiselle Rives did this well-marked volume belong? And by whom was it given? A look at the Rives family’s history hints at an answer.

As mentioned in our previous post, William Cabell Rives (1793-1868), a wealthy Albemarle landowner and an influential American politician, served twice as the U.S. Minister to France. In the final year of Rives’s first term, 1829-32, his wife, Judith Page Rives, gave birth to the family’s fourth child and first daughter. She was named Amélie by her godmother, then-Queen of France, Marie-Amélie. Shortly after the birth of Amélie Louise Rives, the Rives family returned to the United States. William Cabell Rives served three terms in the United States Senate before he accepted a reappointment as the Minister to France. He served his second term, 1849-1853, under France’s final monarch: Napoleon III. As in his first term, Rives was accompanied in Paris by his family. Indeed, letters preserved in UVA’s Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library reveal that William’s wife and three youngest children, Alfred (1830-1903), Amélie Louise (1832-1873), and Ella (1834-1892), all resided in France during his tenure as minister.

Bearing this in mind, it seems possible that this book, published in Paris in 1853, the final year of Rives’s term, might have been a parting gift (“Adieu!”) from French Queen Eugénie de Montijo (“E M,” the crown) to one of Rives’s unmarried daughters (“Mademoiselle”), Amélie Louise or Ella.

Based on the limited biographical information available on the two sisters, it seems possible that either might have happily accepted a text on poetic technique. As discussed previously, the Riveses were a family of writers. Both of the girls’ parents, Judith Page and William Cabell Rives, were published authors. Amélie Louise, who would have been 21-years-old in 1853, dabbled in writing, penning but never publishing a number of poems and stories. 19-year-old Ella seems to have been intellectually inclined, too. In an 1851 letter from the girls’ mother to their sister-in-law, Judith describes Ella passing her time in Paris “surrounded with her grammars, dictionaries, [and] maps.”

Unfortunately, records of the queen’s autograph do not confirm this loosely founded hunch and the book’s provenance remains a mystery.

Sources

Boileau Despréaux, Nicolas, and Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve. Oeuvres : Avec Notes Et Imitations Des Auteurs Anciens. Paris: Furne, 1853.

Brown, Alexander, et al. Papers of the Rives, Sears and Rhinelander Families.

Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 18 Mar. 2016.

Hall, Fitzedward, et al. Letters of the Rives Family. .

“Nicolas Boileau”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Papers of Roberta Wellford, Accession #6090, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Rives Family Papers Compiled by Elizabeth Langhorne, 1839-1990, #10596-d, Albert H. and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

Rives, James Childs. Reliques of the Rives (Ryves). Lynchburg, Va.: J. P. Bell Co., 1929.

Shakespeare, William, and Samuel Weller Singer. The Dramatic Works. 3rd ed. rev. London: G. Bell, 1879.

Shakespeare, William, et al. The Plays of William Shakespeare. New ed. London: Printed for F. C. and J. Rivington; [etc., etc.], 1823.

Book submission: The Living Female Writers of the South

Title: The Living Female Writers of the South
Author: Tardy, Mary
Publication date: Philadelphia, 1872
Library: University of Virginia, Alderman Library
Call number: PS551 .T3 1872
Submitted by: Maggie Whalen
Description:
Book Traces @ UVA recently happened upon this 1872 edition of Mary T. Tardy’s The Living Female Writers of the South in the UVA Library Collection.

A bookplate reveals that the text came to UVA through the books of William Cabell Rives (1793-1868).

As the title suggests, the book contains the biographies of southern female authors alive in the 19th century. Its pages are entirely unmarked, save for a few noteworthy annotations on the three-page biography entitled “Mrs. William C. Rives.”

Above the section’s title, a hand has left the following note: “Lord Byron says, ‘Tis pleasant, sure, to find one’s name in print.’ My surprise was quite equal to my pleasure in finding my name among those of the illustrious ladies who appear here. It is but just to say that this notice was not contributed to the volume by any member of my own family, and that the authorship is a mystery both to them and to me. JPR….” (436).

Judith Page Rives (1802-1882), wife of William C. Rives, describes the surprise and honor she feels at finding her biography in Tardy’s text. The content and tone of the note suggest that it is not entirely self-reflective, but also directed at any reader who might happen upon the book in the future.

In the biography that follows, Rives has made a few corrections to the text. She adjusts the date of France’s July Revolution from 1820 to 1830. She corrects the spelling of her daughter’s name, Amélie (chosen for her by her godmother, the Queen of France), directly in the text and then transcribes it in the margins for clarity. Finally, she changes the title incorrectly attributed to her second book from “Home and Abroad” to “Home and the World.”

Aside from these minor adjustments, Rives does not interfere with the anonymous biographer’s account of her life, suggesting, perhaps, its accuracy. The notice describes Rives as “a faithful mother” of six and a “most useful helpmeet to her husband,” who served twice as United States Minister to France and once as a Senator from Virginia (438). She is further characterized as “a prominent and yet ever beneficent leader in society,” most notably in her native Albemarle County (438). There, she and her family resided in a vast, historic estate called Castle Hill (on the market now for $11.5 million) and mingled with the likes of Madison and Jefferson. Finally, Rives’s biographer describes her as “an author of more than ordinary ability and popularity” (438).

Among Judith Rives’s literary achievements are two books: Souvenirs of a Residence in Europe (1842) and Home and the World (1857). The biography quotes from a review contemporary to the publication of Souvenirs, saying: “This book is distinguished throughout for its moral and elevated tone. Its style, which perhaps in some instances may be rather luxuriant, is generally chaste, fluent, and graceful” (437). According to Jane Censer, author of The Reconstruction of White Southern Womanhood, much of Rives’s work was nonfiction, based on her travels abroad and her life at Castle Hill. Censer also notes that many of the women included in Tardy’s Female Writers of the South came from “well-to-do” Southern families and published a single article, poem, or novel, often with a local printer (214). A number of these women “published so little or in such obscure journals that the modern researcher can find almost none of their printed efforts” (214). Judith Rives is certainly a slight break from the “authors” Censer describes, having published Souvenirs with a Philadelphia publishing house and Home and the World with a publisher based in London. A single copy of Rives’s Tales and Souvenirs of a Residence in Europe (below) is available in the UVA Library circulating collection. Several copies of Souvenirs and Home and the World are held in UVA’s Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library.

For further examples of volumes owned/annotated by members of the Rives family, see the related post on Amelie Rives Troubetzkoy’s copy of The Plays of William Shakespeare.

For more on Book Traces @ UVA, visit our blog at https://booktraces.library.virginia.edu .

Sources
“The Cabell Family.” Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library. University of Virginia Library, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Censer, Jane Turner. The Reconstruction of White Southern Womanhood, 1865-1895. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2003. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Hatch, Peter J. “The Garden and Its People.” “A Rich Spot of Earth”: Thomas Jefferson’s Revolutionary Garden at Monticello. N.p.: Yale UP, 2012. 33. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Lay, K. Edward. “The Georgian Period.” The Architecture of Jefferson Country: Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. Charlottesville: U of Virginia, 2000. 60-61. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Lucey, Donna M. “Patron’s Choice: Sex, Celebrity and Scandal in the Amélie Rives Chanler Troubetzkoy Papers.” Notes from Under Grounds. University of Virginia Library: Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections, 23 Aug. 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Prose, Francine. “Lifestyles of the Rich and Infamous”. The Washington Post. Web. 30 Jul, 2006.
Rives, Amélie. Barbara Dering. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott company, 1893.
Shakespeare, William, et al. The Plays of William Shakespeare. New ed. London: Printed for F. C. and J. Rivington; [etc., etc.], 1823.
Tardy, Mary T. The Living Female Writers of the South. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1872.
Varon, Elizabeth R. “We Mean to Be Counted”: White Women and Politics in Antebellum Virginia. N.p.: U of North Carolina, 2000. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.
Weeks, Lyman Horace. “George Lockhart Rives.” Prominent Families of New York. New York: Historical, 1897. 478. Google Books. Google. Web. 27 Jan. 2016.